Melkite Challenge 2005 – Set #1

Other Challenge Questions ~|~ Set 1 ~|~ Set 2 ~|~ Set 3 ~|~ Set 4


1. Name the person who said the following: “The Church is like one body, which has many parts”
A: St. Paul.
2. Name the person who said: “God became man, so that man can become God.”
A: St. Athanasios (although St. Irenaeus of Lyons may have said it before Athanasios).
3. Another word for Savior is:
A: Redeemer.
4. What was the covenant that God made with the Israelites?
A: That He would be their God if they kept the Ten Commandments.
5. Who was Moses?
A: The Hebrew leader who brought the Israelites out of Egypt into the Promised Land and who received the Ten Commandments.
6. Why doesn’t God want us to worship idols?
A: Because they are false Gods. He will not tolerate our turning aside from His truth to worship falsehood.
7. Who is the Patriarch of the Jewish People?
A: Abraham.
8. What was the Exodus?
A: The flight from Egypt.
9. Why do we cense icons and our homes?
A: To feel the presence of God and to show that they are holy places.
10. Why do we call God Holy, Mighty and Immortal?
A: Because He is perfect and pure, the creator of everything, and He will never die.
11. Why does it matter what posters a person has in his home?
A: Good or bad, they exert influence on us, so we should be careful.
12. Who were the prophets?
A: People sent by God to speak the truth to those who were disobedient.
13. Who destroyed the temple in Jerusalem?
A: The Babylonians in 586BC.
14. What is the Book of Psalms?
A: A book of the Old Testament containing poems, prayers, and hymns.
15. Which name for Mary means “God-Bearer”?
A: Theotokos.
16. What do we celebrate on March 25?
A: The Annunciation – the day that Mary said Yes to God about becoming the Mother of His Son.
17. Which name for Mary means “All-Holy”?
A: Panagia.
18. What did Mary say to the angel Gabriel when he told her she was going to become the mother of Jesus through God’s Holy Spirit?
A: “I am the Lord’s servant. May it happen to me as you have said.”
19. What happened at the Baptism of Jesus?
A: God sent the Holy Spirit upon Jesus and said, This is my own Son, with whom I am pleased.”
20. What happens at the Little Entrance in the Divine Liturgy?
A: The Priest holds high the Gospel Book in procession.
21. What happens in the Great Entrance?
A: The congregation sings the Cherubic hymn and the Priest carries the gifts of bread and wine in procession.
22. What does Amen mean?
A: So be it.
23. What was the Good News that Jesus preached?
A: That through Him the Kingdom of God has arrived.
24. What was John the Baptist’s ministry?
A: To tell people to turn away from their sins and prepare for the coming of Christ.
25. What did Jesus do for 40 days after His Baptism?
A: He fasted and prayed in the wilderness and was tempted by the devil.


1. What do the Holy Mysteries of Baptism, Chrismation, and the Eucharist together do for us?
A. They initiate us into the Christian community.
2. What are Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy?
A: The first five books of the Old Testament.
3. What was the great achievement of St. Vladimir?
A: He was the great prince responsible for the conversion of Russia to Christianity.
4. What are Ecumenical Councils?
A: The seven great meetings called that gave expression to the basic faith of the Church, and where was the first one held.
5. What was the fate of St. Ignatius of Antioch?
A: He was taken to Rome to be devoured by wild beasts because he would not worship pagan idols.
6. Who was the serpent in Genesis?
A: The evil one—the devil.
7. What Feast celebrates the Baptism of Christ, and when is it celebrated?
A: Theophany, January 6.
8. What does the icon of the Dormition depict?
A: It depicts the Mother of God lying on her deathbed, surrounded by the Apostles and her Divine Son.
9. What is Vespers?
A: The evening prayer of the Church.
10. What do St. John Chrysostom and St. Basil the Great have in common?
A: They are the authors of the two forms of the Divine Liturgy that we most often celebrate today.
11. When do we celebrate the Resurrection of Christ?
A: Every Sunday, and in a special way on Pascha (Easter).
12. What is the symbol of a baptized person’s being clothed with new life in Christ?
A: A white robe.
13. What is the Holy Eucharist?
A: It is our participation in Christ’s Mystical Supper: Christ’s Body and Blood in the form of bread and wine. It is Christ’s gift of Himself to us to nourish us on our journey through life.
15. What are adoration, contrition, thanksgiving, and supplication?
A: The four categories of prayer identified by the Fathers of the Church.
16. When is the Great Feast of the Nativity of the Mother of God?
A: September 8.
17. When is the Great Feast of the Entrance of the Theotokos?
A: November 21.
18. When is the Great Feast of the Encounter of Christ?
A: February 2.
19. Name some of the objects used during the celebration of the mystery of Baptism.
A: Water, a lighted candle, a white garment, and oil.
20. What does Chrismation give us?
A: The seal of the gift of the Holy Spirit.
21. In what mystery do we become participants in Christ’s Mystical Supper?
A: The Holy Eucharist.
22. What happens in the mystery of Confession or Repentance?
A. Our sins are forgiven by Christ.
23. What happens in the mystery of Holy Orders?
A: Bishops, priests, and deacons are ordained for the service of the Church.
24. What are the benefits of prayer and fasting?
A: Among many other things, they bring us closer to God, and teach us self-control and dedication to Him.
25. What is the name of the prayer that goes like this: “Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God, have mercy on me, a sinner”?
A: The Jesus Prayer.


1. The Bible as a Book , or a collection of many books, has two main parts. What are they?
A: The Old Testament and the New Testament.
2. What is one of the focuses of the Old Testament?
A: The Old Testament prepares the world for the coming of Christ.
3. What is the focus of the New Testament?
A: The New Testament testifies to the fact that Christ has come and has saved the world.
4. Who said “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God and the Word was God . . .”
A: St. John (It is the beginning of his Gospel: John 1:1).
5. What are the first books of the New Testament scriptures?
A: The four gospels of Saints Matthew, Mark, Luke and John.
6. What are the gospels of Saint Matthew, Mark and Luke called, and why?
A: They are called the synoptic gospels which means that they look at things the same way. They are similar in content and form.
7. When were the synoptic gospels written?
A: They were written sometime in the beginning of the second half of the first century.
8. In what language were the synoptic gospels written?
A: The texts of each of them, and also that of St. John, come down to us in Greek. That is the language in which they were written, with the possible exception of Matthew, which may have been written originally in Aramaic, the language of Jesus.
9. Which one of the four evangelists Matthew, Mark, Luke and John received the title of the “Theologian”?
A: John is honored in the Church with the title.
10. Who wrote the Acts of the Apostles?
A: St. Luke.
11. Who wrote 14 letters, also called epistles, which are included in the Holy Scripture of the New Testament Church?
A: The apostle Paul. (It is likely, however, that he did not actually write the Epistle to the Hebrews, but that it was written by a disciple of his.)
12. Can you identify the passage from scripture that says:
A: “Love is patient and kind; love is not jealous or boastful; it is not arrogant or rude . . . Love bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things” 1 Corinthians 13 – Saint Paul’s Hymn to Love.
13. What is the prothesis, or table of oblation?
A: The table on which the gifts for holy communion are prepared, which stands in the altar area to left of the alter table.
14. What month and day start the church year?
A: September 1.
15. Name the two special liturgical books for the Easter cycle of worship?
A: The Lenten Triodion and the Easter Triodion, which is also called the Pentecostarion.
16. The first signs of the approach of Great Lent come five Sundays before its beginning – name the Sundays?
A: The Sunday of the Gospel of Zacchaeus, the tax collector
The Sunday of the Publican and the Pharisee
The Sunday of the Prodigal son
Meatfare Sunday – Parable of the Last Judgment
Cheesefare Sunday –Forgiveness Sunday
17. “The Ladder of Divine Ascent” was written by:
A: St. John Climacus.
18. The Feast of Christ’s triumphant entry into Jerusalem is called:
A: Palm Sunday.
19. The Elevation of the Cross on the 14th of September commemorates what event?
A: The finding of Christ’s Cross by St. Helen.
20. What are Jesus’ last words?
A: “Father into thy hands I commit my spirit!” or “It is finished!”
21. The Liturgical year is divided into three cycles. Identify them.
A: The Christmas cycle, the Easter cycle and the last section of the liturgical year is the Pentecostal cycle.
22. Is the Liturgy of the Presanctified a true Divine Liturgy? When is it said?
A: This service is not really a Divine Liturgy, but a penitential service offered on the fast days of Great Lent.
23. What is the meaning of the Greek word “Akathist”?
A: It means “without sitting.” This name is given to the praise of the Theotokos because the whole service is meant to be sung standing as a sign of respect for her.
24. Jesus’ being baptized by John in the Jordan is the feast of:
A: Theophany.
25. Who was the Apostle to Egypt?
A: St. Mark.