Melkite Greek Catholic Church
Other Challenge Questions ~|~ Set 1 ~|~ Set 2 ~|~ Set 3 ~|~ Set 4


1. Name the person who said the following: "The Church is like one body, which has many parts"
A: St. Paul.
2. Name the person who said: "God became man, so that man can become God."
A: St. Athanasios (although St. Irenaeus of Lyons may have said it before Athanasios).
3. Another word for Savior is:
A: Redeemer.
4. What was the covenant that God made with the Israelites?
A: That He would be their God if they kept the Ten Commandments.
5. Who was Moses?
A: The Hebrew leader who brought the Israelites out of Egypt into the Promised Land and who received the Ten Commandments.
6. Why doesn't God want us to worship idols?
A: Because they are false Gods. He will not tolerate our turning aside from His truth to worship falsehood.
7. Who is the Patriarch of the Jewish People?
A: Abraham.
8. What was the Exodus?
A: The flight from Egypt.
9. Why do we cense icons and our homes?
A: To feel the presence of God and to show that they are holy places.
10. Why do we call God Holy, Mighty and Immortal?
A: Because He is perfect and pure, the creator of everything, and He will never die.
11. Why does it matter what posters a person has in his home?
A: Good or bad, they exert influence on us, so we should be careful.
12. Who were the prophets?
A: People sent by God to speak the truth to those who were disobedient.
13. Who destroyed the temple in Jerusalem?
A: The Babylonians in 586BC.
14. What is the Book of Psalms?
A: A book of the Old Testament containing poems, prayers, and hymns.
15. Which name for Mary means "God-Bearer"?
A: Theotokos.
16. What do we celebrate on March 25?
A: The Annunciation – the day that Mary said Yes to God about becoming the Mother of His Son.
17. Which name for Mary means "All-Holy"?
A: Panagia.
18. What did Mary say to the angel Gabriel when he told her she was going to become the mother of Jesus through God's Holy Spirit?
A: "I am the Lord's servant. May it happen to me as you have said."
19. What happened at the Baptism of Jesus?
A: God sent the Holy Spirit upon Jesus and said, This is my own Son, with whom I am pleased."
20. What happens at the Little Entrance in the Divine Liturgy?
A: The Priest holds high the Gospel Book in procession.
21. What happens in the Great Entrance?
A: The congregation sings the Cherubic hymn and the Priest carries the gifts of bread and wine in procession.
22. What does Amen mean?
A: So be it.
23. What was the Good News that Jesus preached?
A: That through Him the Kingdom of God has arrived.
24. What was John the Baptist's ministry?
A: To tell people to turn away from their sins and prepare for the coming of Christ.
25. What did Jesus do for 40 days after His Baptism?
A: He fasted and prayed in the wilderness and was tempted by the devil.


1. What do the Holy Mysteries of Baptism, Chrismation, and the Eucharist together do for us?
A. They initiate us into the Christian community.
2. What are Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy?
A: The first five books of the Old Testament.
3. What was the great achievement of St. Vladimir?
A: He was the great prince responsible for the conversion of Russia to Christianity.
4. What are Ecumenical Councils?
A: The seven great meetings called that gave expression to the basic faith of the Church, and where was the first one held.
5. What was the fate of St. Ignatius of Antioch?
A: He was taken to Rome to be devoured by wild beasts because he would not worship pagan idols.
6. Who was the serpent in Genesis?
A: The evil one—the devil.
7. What Feast celebrates the Baptism of Christ, and when is it celebrated?
A: Theophany, January 6.
8. What does the icon of the Dormition depict?
A: It depicts the Mother of God lying on her deathbed, surrounded by the Apostles and her Divine Son.
9. What is Vespers?
A: The evening prayer of the Church.
10. What do St. John Chrysostom and St. Basil the Great have in common?
A: They are the authors of the two forms of the Divine Liturgy that we most often celebrate today.
11. When do we celebrate the Resurrection of Christ?
A: Every Sunday, and in a special way on Pascha (Easter).
12. What is the symbol of a baptized person's being clothed with new life in Christ?
A: A white robe.
13. What is the Holy Eucharist?
A: It is our participation in Christ's Mystical Supper: Christ's Body and Blood in the form of bread and wine. It is Christ's gift of Himself to us to nourish us on our journey through life.
15. What are adoration, contrition, thanksgiving, and supplication?
A: The four categories of prayer identified by the Fathers of the Church.
16. When is the Great Feast of the Nativity of the Mother of God?
A: September 8.
17. When is the Great Feast of the Entrance of the Theotokos?
A: November 21.
18. When is the Great Feast of the Encounter of Christ?
A: February 2.
19. Name some of the objects used during the celebration of the mystery of Baptism.
A: Water, a lighted candle, a white garment, and oil.
20. What does Chrismation give us?
A: The seal of the gift of the Holy Spirit.
21. In what mystery do we become participants in Christ's Mystical Supper?
A: The Holy Eucharist.
22. What happens in the mystery of Confession or Repentance?
A. Our sins are forgiven by Christ.
23. What happens in the mystery of Holy Orders?
A: Bishops, priests, and deacons are ordained for the service of the Church.
24. What are the benefits of prayer and fasting?
A: Among many other things, they bring us closer to God, and teach us self-control and dedication to Him.
25. What is the name of the prayer that goes like this: "Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God, have mercy on me, a sinner"?
A: The Jesus Prayer.


1. The Bible as a Book , or a collection of many books, has two main parts. What are they?
A: The Old Testament and the New Testament.
2. What is one of the focuses of the Old Testament?
A: The Old Testament prepares the world for the coming of Christ.
3. What is the focus of the New Testament?
A: The New Testament testifies to the fact that Christ has come and has saved the world.
4. Who said "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God and the Word was God . . ."
A: St. John (It is the beginning of his Gospel: John 1:1).
5. What are the first books of the New Testament scriptures?
A: The four gospels of Saints Matthew, Mark, Luke and John.
6. What are the gospels of Saint Matthew, Mark and Luke called, and why?
A: They are called the synoptic gospels which means that they look at things the same way. They are similar in content and form.
7. When were the synoptic gospels written?
A: They were written sometime in the beginning of the second half of the first century.
8. In what language were the synoptic gospels written?
A: The texts of each of them, and also that of St. John, come down to us in Greek. That is the language in which they were written, with the possible exception of Matthew, which may have been written originally in Aramaic, the language of Jesus.
9. Which one of the four evangelists Matthew, Mark, Luke and John received the title of the "Theologian"?
A: John is honored in the Church with the title.
10. Who wrote the Acts of the Apostles?
A: St. Luke.
11. Who wrote 14 letters, also called epistles, which are included in the Holy Scripture of the New Testament Church?
A: The apostle Paul. (It is likely, however, that he did not actually write the Epistle to the Hebrews, but that it was written by a disciple of his.)
12. Can you identify the passage from scripture that says:
A: "Love is patient and kind; love is not jealous or boastful; it is not arrogant or rude . . . Love bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things" 1 Corinthians 13 – Saint Paul's Hymn to Love.
13. What is the prothesis, or table of oblation?
A: The table on which the gifts for holy communion are prepared, which stands in the altar area to left of the alter table.
14. What month and day start the church year?
A: September 1.
15. Name the two special liturgical books for the Easter cycle of worship?
A: The Lenten Triodion and the Easter Triodion, which is also called the Pentecostarion.
16. The first signs of the approach of Great Lent come five Sundays before its beginning – name the Sundays?
A: The Sunday of the Gospel of Zacchaeus, the tax collector
The Sunday of the Publican and the Pharisee
The Sunday of the Prodigal son
Meatfare Sunday – Parable of the Last Judgment
Cheesefare Sunday –Forgiveness Sunday
17. "The Ladder of Divine Ascent" was written by:
A: St. John Climacus.
18. The Feast of Christ's triumphant entry into Jerusalem is called:
A: Palm Sunday.
19. The Elevation of the Cross on the 14th of September commemorates what event?
A: The finding of Christ's Cross by St. Helen.
20. What are Jesus' last words?
A: "Father into thy hands I commit my spirit!" or "It is finished!"
21. The Liturgical year is divided into three cycles. Identify them.
A: The Christmas cycle, the Easter cycle and the last section of the liturgical year is the Pentecostal cycle.
22. Is the Liturgy of the Presanctified a true Divine Liturgy? When is it said?
A: This service is not really a Divine Liturgy, but a penitential service offered on the fast days of Great Lent.
23. What is the meaning of the Greek word "Akathist"?
A: It means "without sitting." This name is given to the praise of the Theotokos because the whole service is meant to be sung standing as a sign of respect for her.
24. Jesus' being baptized by John in the Jordan is the feast of:
A: Theophany.
25. Who was the Apostle to Egypt?
A: St. Mark.
Other Challenge Questions ~|~ Set 1 ~|~ Set 2 ~|~ Set 3


1. What has oil become a symbol of?
A. God's mercy
2. Fill in the parts of the body that are anointed during baptism?
A. That he/she may use the hearing of faith: ears
That he/she may walk in the way of the commandments: feet
Thy hands have made me and fashioned me: hands
The servant of God is anointed with the oil of gladness in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen: head
3. Who made us and loves us?
A. God
4. What do we receive in the Divine Liturgy?
A. We receive Jesus
5. What happens when we receive Holy Communion?
A. We are united to God and our body and spirit are nourished by Holy Communion.
5. What are the words that we hear when the Divine Liturgy begins?
A. Blessed is the Kingdom of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, now and ever and forever."
6. What do we sing after the Priests says the words above?
A. Amen
7. When does our Christian family pray together?
A. On Sundays and feast days
8. The external signs used in baptism are:
A. water, a robe, and a candle
9. What are you initiated into in Baptism and Chrismation?
A. I am initiated into the Church
10. What does Jesus ask us to do as members of God's people?
A. "Love one another as I have loved you."
11. What are the stone tablets that Moses received called?
A. The ten commandments
12. What happened on Mt. Sinai?
A. The Lord said to Moses "Come up to me on the mountain and while you are there, I will give you the stone tablets on which are written the Ten commandments.
13. What is the name of the prayer that Jesus taught us to pray?
A. The Lord's Prayer
14. What is another name for "Hallowed"
A. Holy
15. How do we talk to God?
A. When we pray
16. Name five items the priest used to prepare Holy Communion?
A. Prosphora (holy bread), wine and water cruets, chalice, diskos, communion spoon and lance.
17. What does the Prosphora or holy bread become for us?
A. The body of Christ
18. What does the wine become for us?
A. The wine will become the Blood of Christ.
19. When do you partake of the bread of life?
A. When we receive Holy Communion
20. What is the story of the loaves and fishes called?
A. The story is called the feeding of the five thousand
21. How many loaves of bread and how many fish did the boy have?
A. Andrew said, "Here is a boy with five barley loaves and two fish."
22. What are we to remember on Good Friday?
A. We are to remember that Jesus died on the cross.
23. The word "Gospel" is used to describe what?
A. The Good News or good tidings that are contained in the first four books of the New Testament.
24. What is it that makes mankind different from animals?
A. The most important things is that man can speak while animals can not
25. Before we listen to the Bible read in Church, what does the priest say?
A. Let us attend! This means "pay attention" The church is incensed to let us know that something important is to happen.


1. In the beginning of the Liturgy what does the priest announce as our destination?
A. The priest announces our destination "Blessed in the Kingdom of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit."
2. What do we do in the "Little Entrance" in the Divine Liturgy?
A. We follow the Gospel - the words of Jesus Christ that lead us to the Kingdom.
3. In The Divine Liturgy, what happens in the "Great Entrance"?
A. We bring our gifts to God - bread and wine - food and drink we need to live
4. In the Divine Liturgy, what happens in us in the Kingdom?
A. In the Kingdom we receive God's gift of Jesus Christ in us when we partake of Holy Communion.
5. When were the seeds of God's Kingdom planted?
A. The seeds of God's Kingdom were planted when the Church was founded.
6. When does our day of worship begin?
A. Our day of worship begins in the evening. Following the tradition of the Old Testament which says in the story of creation: "And the evening and the morning were the first day. . ."*(Gen1:5)
7. The order of church services follow what events?
A. They follow certain events in the life of Jesus Christ. These events are part of the history of our salvation.
8. The time of the service of vespers and compline is?
A. 7 PM and 8 PM
9. The theme of the services of Vespers and Compline is?
A. The creation of the worldt Watch In odern time 6-9pm and 9-12 pm
10. The time of the service of Matins and the theme of the service is?
A. 6 AM - theme: Preparation for Christ
11. The time of the service of first hour?
A. 7 am Theme: creation of the light of day
12. The time of the service of the third hour?
A. 9am 12 noon
Time of the Holy Spirit.
13. The theme of the six hour is ?
A. Time 9:30 am - modern time 12 noon to 3PM
Theme: The crucifixion of Christ.
14. What is the theme of the ninth hour?
A. Time 3 to 6pm Theme: Death of Christ on Cross
15. Complete the following beatitude: "Blessed are the Meek. . and explain what that means.
A. "for they shall inherit the earth." This means that those who do not always strive for domination are blessed by God.
16. is the prayer we say during lent?
A. St. Ephraim's Prayer
17. The meal Jesus had on Holy Thursday was?
A. The Last Supper
18. What did Jesus do for Lazarus?
A. Raise him from the dead.
19. Cheese Fair Sunday is called?
A. Forgiveness Sunday
20. What is the Easter greeting?
A. Christ is Risen!
21. On the 3rd Sunday of lent we venerate what?
A. The Cross
22. The Sunday of Orthodoxy celebrates the return of ________--to the
A. Icons
23. Who said he didn't know Jesus, three times?
A. Peter
24. Jesus came to Jerusalem for what holiday?
A. Passover
25. The 4th Sunday of Lent is dedicated to?
A. St. John of the Ladder
26. What did the foolish maidens forget?
A. Extra oil for their lamps


1. What does it mean to blaspheme?
A. Blaspheme means to speak irreverently or curse sacred things.
2. What did God command Noah to do?
A. build an ark
3. God promised him the land of milk and honey. What is his name?
A. Abraham
4. His brother was Esau. What was his name?
A. Jacob
5. He fought the battle of Jericho. What was his name?
A. Joshua
6. He prophesied the birth of Christ. What was his name?
A. Isaiah
7. What are the four sacraments (mysteries) that are absolutely necessary for Eastern Christians?
A. Baptism, Chrism, Confession and Holy Communion
8. What sacrament do we not approach God as individuals?
A. Marriage
9. What are the two parts of the sacrament of marriage service?
A. The betrothal or engagement ceremony
B. The Crowning, or actual sacrament of Marriage
10. What is the visible sign of the Holy Unction service?
A. The visible sign consist of the oil and small amount of wine which are blessed by the Priest and used for the anointing; they also include the words-prayers, hymns and scripture readings.
11. What is the sacrament of Holy Orders?
A. Also known as ordination. This is the sacrament in which a Bishop invokes the Grace of the Holy Spirit to come down upon the candidate and make him worthy to serve in the Priesthood of Jesus Christ.
12. Name the three orders of the priesthood.
A. Deacon, Priest and Bishop
13. Who were the first Bishops?
A. the apostles.
14. What does the sponsor at Baptism renounce?
A. The sponsor renounces Satan
15. Christ was baptized by St. John in what river?
A. The Jordan river
16. The two sources from which Christianity draws its truths are:
A. Holy Tradition and Holy Scripture.
17. The official version of the Greek Old Testament is called:
A. The Septuagint Greek version
18. What is the meaning of the word epistle?
A. the word means letter.
19. What is the difference between a disciple and an apostle?
A. A disciple is a student, one being taught. The word apostle comes from the Greek verb "apostello" which means to send forth. Apostles were sent forth with a mission which was the promise of salvation.
20. What does salvation mean?
A. It comes from the word meaning "to save". It means to be saved from our sins - from the consequences of our own evil acts.
21. Identify some of the ways God spoke to the prophets.
A. To Moses He appeared first as fire in the burning bush, but later (on the journey through the wilderness) in a pillar of cloud which hovered at the door of Moses' tent. To Jacob He appeared as an Angel. To Elijah He appeared as fire and again as a whirlwind. It was believed that no man could look upon the face of God and live. (Exodus 33.20&22 & 22-23).
22. What is a covenant?
A. A covenant is a promise or an agreement that will be fulfilled.
23. Identify a few covenants that God made with man.
A. First, was the direct covenant with Adam; then the oral covenant with Abraham, which He renewed with Isaac and Jacob. Then God made a written covenant , the Ten Commandments with Moses.
24. What does the first part of the Divine Liturgy, before the Cherubim Hymn, represents for us?
A. It represents Christ's mission in the world as teacher and prophet. It includes the readings from the Gospel and Epistles, because these contain Christ's teachings.
25. What do we mean by Christ's Incarnation?
A. By Christ's Incarnation, we mean His taking on human form.

Other Challenge Questions ~|~ Set 1 ~|~ Set 2 ~|~ Set 3


1. Complete the following sentence: If anyone says "I love God" but
__________ his brother, he is a _________________."
A. hates, liar
2. Who were the first children of Adam and Eve?
A. Cain and Abel
3. Why did Cain attack his brother Abel and kill him?
A. He was jealous of his brother
4. What did Cain say when the Lord asked him "Where is your brother?"
A. "I do not know. Am I my brother's keeper?"
5. Name one of the saints who are called "wonder-worker" because of the miracles God performed through him?
A. St. Nicholas Bishop of Myra, St. Spiridon, etc.
6. Which of the apostles is seen carrying the Scriptures?
A. Saint Paul
7. Which of the apostles is seen carrying the Keys of the Kingdom?
A. Saint Peter
8. Who were the first disciples?
A. Peter and his brother Andrew
9. What do we celebrate on Theophany?
A. The revelation of the Holy Trinity and the manifestation of Christ to the world. The beginning of His public life.
10. What is the name of the parable in which the rich man's son says "Give me what is mine."
A. The Parable of the Prodigal Son.
11. What are the signs of new life we receive in Baptism?
A. The water, white robe and candle.
12. What happens in Chrismation?
A. We receive the gift of the Holy Spirit, who dwells in us and makes us His living temples. The Holy Spirit is the giver of life and we are sealed in our new life with the Holy Spirit.
13. How do we become members of the people of God?
A. Through Baptism.
14. Why is Holy Communion so important?
A. Holy Communion is the bread of life. It makes Jesus present to us and gives us nourishment. It will bring us to eternal life.
15. What are three things that unite us to God?
A. Prayer, Fasting, and the holy Mysteries.
16. What is the greatest commandment?
A. You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind, and with all your strength.
17. What are the first three Commandments?
A. I am the Lord your God. You shall not have other Gods before Me. You shall not take the name of the Lord, your God, in vain. Remember to keep holy the Lord's Day.
18. What are the last seven Commandments? (Note to teachers: you may choose to ask students to name the Commandments one by one, or all Ten at once. This division into groups of three and seven is purely for convenience.)
A. Honor your Father and mother. You shall not kill. You shall not commit adultery. You shall not steal. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor. You shall not covet y our neighbor's wife. You shall not covet your neighbor's goods.
19. Name two reasons why we pray.
A. When we pray we talk to God, praise Him , thank Him for His many blessings and ask Him for help.
20. What is our privilege as God's people?
A. We can call God "Our Father."
21. What is our responsibility as God's people? (Note: This question may have several possible answers.)
A. We must stay close to God.
22. What do we remember in the Diving Liturgy?
A. We remember all that Jesus did for our salvation, particularly The Last Supper of the Lord.
23. In what two ways do we receive Jesus at the Divine Liturgy?
A. We receive Jesus through the words of the Gospel. We receive Jesus in Holy Communion.
24. What does Jesus want us to do when we have sinned?
A. To ask forgiveness of Jesus. The Priest gives us a special blessing called absolution as a sign of our reconciliation with God.
25. What is the name of the Mystery in which we ask forgiveness?
A. Repentance


1. What mystery involves the use of water, a lighted candle, a white garment, and oil?
A: Baptism.
2. What mystery gives us the seal of the gift of the Holy Spirit?
A: Chrismation.
3. In what mystery do we become participants in Christ's Mystical Supper?
A: The Holy Eucharist.
4. In what mystery are our sins forgiven by Christ?
A: Repentance (Confession or Reconciliation.)
5. In what mystery is the eternal union of a man and a woman blessed?
A: Matrimony.
6. Who can receive the mystery of Holy Oil?
A: A Christian desiring to be healed of illness.
7. What mystery ordains bishops, priests, and deacons for the service of the Church?
A: Holy Orders.
8. What is the collective name given to the first five books of the Bible?
A: The Pentateuch.
9. When did St. Nicholas live?
A: In the fourth century.
10. To what does St. Paul compare the Christian household?
A: He compares it to the Church.
11. How does St. Paul define love?
A: It is patient, kind, not jealous, never rude, doesn't rejoice in wrong, and never fails.
12. What is Moses holding in the icon of the Transfiguration?
A: The tablets of the Law.
13. Which three apostles appear in the icon of the Transfiguration?
A: Peter, James, and John.
14. What does Christ's Passion show?
A: That He took upon Himself every humiliation and sin of mankind.
15. The Son of God became like us in everything except one thing. What is it?
A: Sin.
16. What Feast celebrates the revelation of the Holy Trinity?
A: The Feast of Theophany.
17. Who are the three most famous Fathers of the Eastern Church?
A: St. Basil the Great, St. Gregory the Theologian, and St. John Chrysostom.
18. What are the processes called by which we learn self-control and dedication to God?
A: Prayer and fasting.
19. Recite the Jesus Prayer.
A: Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God, have mercy on me, a sinner.
20. What is our response to Jesus' command to "do this in remembrance of me"?
A: The Divine Liturgy.
21. What is a vocation?
A: God's calling of certain men to be part of His plan for the world through Holy Orders, and His calling of certain men and women to dedicate themselves wholly to Him.
22. What is the sign of truly faithful Christians?
A: Their love for one another.
23. What is the basic command Jesus gave us?
A: Love God and love your neighbor.
24. What is often used as a model of the love of God for His people?
A: Marriage.
25. What does "Messiah" mean?
A: Anointed One.


1. Who is known as the protomartyr or first martyr for Christ?
A. St. Stephen, one of the seven deacons ordained by the Apostles.
2. In the Eastern Catholic Church, which mysteries do we receive immediately after Baptism?
A. Chrismation and Holy Communion.
3. How does the name "Gospel" tell us of its meaning?
A. It is the Good News (Good Spel) of the coming of Christ our Savior.
4. What are the antiphons?
A. An antiphon is a short hymn made up of verses taken from the Old Testament Psalms. They are called antiphons because they are meant to be sung by two groups alternating in answer to one another.
5. The evening service, consisting of psalms hymns, biblical canticles and litanies is called?
A. Vespers.
6. What is the Greek word meaning conversion or repentance and the continual life of inner change and growth?
A. Metanoia.
7. What are the first five books of the Old Testament called?
A. The Pentateuch.
8. What are the names of the first five book of the Old Testament?
A. Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy.
9. What does the word "Genesis" mean?
A. Genesis means "beginning."
10. Who was the last prophet?
A. John the Baptist
11. Who baptized Jesus?
A. John the Baptist.
12. What do we celebrate on Palm Sunday?
A. The entrance of our Lord into Jerusalem.
13. What great miracle is celebrated on the Saturday before Palm Sunday?
A. The raising of Lazarus —­ the miracle of the triumph over death and the symbol of our own resurrection.
14. The Church is one because?
A. As the body of Christ it cannot be divided. Jesus meant it to be one when He prayed of His Apostles: "I pray not only for them, but also for those who will believe in me through their word, so that they may all be one, as you, Father, are in me and I in you, that they also may be in us, that the world may believe that you sent me. And I have given them the glory you gave me, so that they may be one, as we are one. . ." (St. John 17:20-22).
15. The Church is Holy because?
A. Her Founder is holy. The Church it continues Christ's work of sanctification with the guidance of the Holy Spirit.
16. The Church is Apostolic because?
A. The Church continues to proclaim what was revealed by Christ to His apostles, and continues to evangelize in the same spirit that characterized the apostolic era.
17. Who makes and blesses once a year the Holy Myron for the Sacrament of Holy Chrism?
A. The Patriarch on Holy Thursday.
18. Why does the Priest cut the hair of the child after applying the Chrism?
A. The tonsure represents the child's first offering to God.
19. What are the mysteries of the Holy Church?
A. Baptism, Chrismation, the Holy Eucharist, Repentance, Holy Orders, Matrimony, and Holy Oil.
20. This Apostle kissed Christ in order to betray Him to those who were about to crucify Him.
A. Judas Iscariot
21. What do we call the words which the priest pronounces over the bread and the wine during the Divine Liturgy?
A. The Words of Institution.
22. Name the Gospel story read on the lst Sunday of Pre-Lent Season
A. The Sunday of the Pharisee and the Publican.
23. Who was the first person to ask Christ to remember him when He came into His Kingdom?
A. The good thief, who was crucified next to Christ.
24. What is the unwritten teaching transmitted by the Church?
A. Holy tradition.
25. What is another name for the Last Supper?
A. The Mystical Supper.
26. Who are the spiritual descendants of the Apostles?
A. Bishops and priests.
Other Challenge Questions ~|~ Set 1 ~|~ Set 2 ~|~ Set 3


1. One God in three persons is called:
A. The Trinity
2. What has the Son of God done for us?
A. Saved us
3. What has the Father done for us?
A. Created us
4. What is our work in the Liturgy?
A. To praise and worship God
5. What are the three main sections of a church?
A. Altar or sanctuary, nave and narthex
6. What do you do in the narthex? B) What do you do in the nave? C) What happens in the sanctuary?
A. A)The narthex is the area where we enter the church, venerate the icons and light our candles. B) The nave is where we worship during the service. C) The altar or sanctuary is where the priest leads us in service.
7. What do we usually sing after Holy Communion?
A. "We have seen the true light"
8. What is the Old Testament?
A. The first part of the Bible which tells the history of the Hebrew people.
9. What is the New Testament?
A. The second part of the bible that tells the story about Jesus, the Apostles and the first Christians.
10. Which name for Mary means "All Holy"?
A. Panagia
11. What passage from scripture begins: "The Lord is my shepherd"
A. Psalm 23
12. The external signs used in Baptism are:
A. Water, a robe, and a candle, and the oil with which we anoint the infant before Baptism.
13. What are the first three commandments?
A. "I am the Lord your God. You shall not have strange gods before Me."
"You shall not take the name of the Lord, your God, in vain."
"Remember to keep holy the Lord's Day."
14. In icons, I am usually shown battling a dragon, who am I?
A. St. George
15. We are remembered as the two "leaders of the apostles." One of us carries the "keys of the kingdom" and the other the Scriptures. Who are we?
A. Saints Peter and Paul
16. What prophet's name means "the Lord is my God?"
A. Elijah or Elias
17. On what day do we celebrate the Transfiguration of Christ?
A. August 6
18. On what feast day was the Trinity revealed?
A Theophany
19. What Saintsaid:"God became man, so that man can become God"?
A. St. Athanasios — although St. Irenaeus of Lyons may have said it before Athanasios.
20. Who said the "church is like one body, which has many parts"?
ASt. Paul
21. By what standard will we bejudged?
A. By how well we treated other people
22. Why is the Bible holy?
A. It contains God's message. God is speaking to us.
23. When did Jesus ride into Jerusalem on a donkey?
A. Palm Sunday
24. Why do the Jews celebrate Passover?
A. To remember the time Moses led the Jews out of Egypt
25. The New Testament book that tells about the first Christians is:
A. The Acts of the Apostles


1. Which sacraments initiate us into the Christian community?
A. Baptism, Chrismation, and the Eucharist.
2. Name three of the five books of the Pentateuch.
A. Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy.
3. The first person to be called by God and the first to believe was:
A. Abraham.
4. This man was sold into slavery by his brothers but later became a powerful ruler.
A. Joseph.
5. Who was the great prince responsible for the conversion of Russia to Christianity?
A. St. Vladimir.
6. What are the seven great meetings called that gave expression to the basic faith of the Church, and where was the first one held?
A. Ecumenical councils, NicaeA.
7. What great saint was taken to Rome to be devoured by wild beasts because he would not worship pagan idols?
A. St. Ignatius of Antioch.
8. What are the icons called that depict Mary as the Mother of God?
A. Icons of loving-kindness.
9. What guise did the Evil One take in Genesis?
A. He took the form of a serpent.
10. What does the Feast of Theophany celebrate?
A. The Baptism of Christ, and also the "Manifestation of God" (Theophany) in His Holy Trinity to the world for the first time in history.
11. What does IC XC NI KA mean?
A. "Jesus Christ conquers."
12. Which icon depicts the Mother of God lying on her deathbed, surrounded by the Apostles?
A. The icon of the Dormition of the Mother of God.
13. What is the name, and the meaning of the name, of the evening prayer of the Church?
A. Vespers, "Evening Time."
14. When does the liturgical day begin?
A. In the evening with the setting of the sun.
15. The whole universe is renewed, sanctified, and recreated through what?
A. Through the birth and resurrection of Christ.
16. Who wrote the Divine Liturgy that we celebrate today during most of the year?
A. St. John Chrysostom.
17. The focus of our worship celebrations every Sunday is:
A. The Resurrection of Christ.
18. Why do we receive a white robe after baptism?
A. As a sign of being clothed with new life in Christ.
19. What do we call Christ's gift of Himself to us to nourish us on our journey through life?
A. The Eucharist.
20. What is the center and heart of our Holy Tradition?
A. Christ.
21. What are the four categories of prayer identified by the Fathers of the Church?
A. Adoration, contrition, thanksgiving, and supplication.
22. Name the Twelve Great Feasts.
A: Starting with the beginning of the Church year, which is September 1, the feasts are: Nativity of the Mother of God (September 8); Exaltation of the Holy Cross (September 14); Entrance of the Theotokos (November 21); Nativity of Christ (December 25); Theophany (January 6); Encounter of Christ (February 2); Annunciation (March 25); Palm Sunday (one week before Pascha); Ascension (40 days after Pascha); Pentecost (50 days after Pascha); Transfiguration (August 6); Dormition of the Mother of God (August 15).
23. What is the Feast of Feasts, and what does it celebrate?
A. Pascha, the Resurrection of Christ.
24. What are the names of the three offices of leadership in the Church?
A. Bishops, priests, and deacons.
25. What can we do to help develop our inner strength, be free from the need to satisfy every whim, and grow closer to Christ?
A. Fasting, as well as prayer and reception of the holy Mysteries.


1.Following the Ascension of the Lord, in what city were the followers of Jesus first called Christians?
A. Antioch
2. Name the twelve Great Feasts of the Church and the Feast of Feasts.
A. Nativity of the Theotokos, Exaltation of the Holy Cross, Entrance of the Theotokos into the Temple, Nativity of Christ, Theophany, Entrance of Christ into the Temple, Annunciation, Palm Sunday, Ascension of Christ, Pentecost, the Transfiguration of Christ,and the Dormition of the Theotokos. The Feast of Feasts is Pascha, the Resurrection of Christ.
3. Abstaining from meat on every Wednesday and Friday and fasting during the fast periods of the Church are practices from the earliest days of the Church in remembrance of what events?
A. The betrayal and crucifixion of Christ.
4. In addition to the Great Fast (40 days before the Great Week),what other times of abstinence or fasting are currently practiced by the Church?
A. The Christmas Fast (December 10 through December 24)
The fast of the Theotokos (August 1 to August 14)
Fast of Peter and Paul (June 17 through June 28)
5. What is another name for the holy table?
A. altar
6. The word Kyrie Eleison, properly understood, should be rendered as?
A. Lord, have mercy.
7. Who were the parents of the Theotokos?
A. Joachim and Anne
8. The ten weeks before Easter are called?
A. Triodion
9. What happened in the 12th century to make relations between the Byzantine and Roman Churches worse?
A. The Crusades
10. Where did Moses receive the Ten Commandments of the Covenant?
A. Mt. Sinai
11. What or who makes the liturgy "Divine"?
A. Christ, who is leading us in our worship.
12. How would you define the Church?
A. 1. The kingdom of God on earth, so that we may live the divine life; 2. The body of Christ
13. St. Mark brought the message of Christ to:
A. Egypt
14. St. Andrew brought the message of Christ to:
A. Greece
15. Saints Peter and Paul brought the message of Christ to:
A. Rome
16. How is the Trinity usually represented in icons?
A. 1. One symbol shows three circles, one inside the other. 2.The other symbol of the Trinity used in icons is found in theOld Testament account of how Abraham was visited by three angels of God (Genesis 18).
17. Which Greek letters are painted on icons of the Theotokos, and what is their meaning?
A. M R QU abbreviation of Mater tou Theou (Mother of God)
18. Who is the first and greatest saint whom the Church honors?
A. St. Mary, the Theotokos
19. A rectangular cloth that has a picture of the burial of Christ painted on it and relics of a saint sewn into it is called?
A. Antimension
20. What do we call the act in which the Word of God became man?
A. The Incarnation
21. In Luke 8:4-15,what were the obstacles to faith taught us by Jesus?
A. Temptation and the cares and riches and pleasures of life.
22. List the four categories of prayer
A. Adoration, contrition, thanksgiving, and­ supplication
23. The sacramental healing of Christ is celebrated in what Mystery?
A. The Mystery of Holy Oil
24. What passage from scripture refers to the purpose of our Christian life or divinization?
A. 2 Peter 1:4: "you are partakers of the Divine Nature"
25. Where do we proclaim that the church is apostolic, holy, universal and one?
A. The Creed

Shopping Cart

Your shopping cart is empty
Visit the shop

Questions? © 1995-2021 Melkite Eparchy of Newton  ·  All Rights Reserved RSS Feed